SANTIAGO, Chile–(BUSINESS WIRE)–GeoPark Limited (“GeoPark” or the “Company”) (NYSE: “GPRK”), a leading Latin American oil and gas explorer, operator and consolidator with operations and growth platforms in Colombia, Chile, Brazil, Argentina, and Peru1 reports its consolidated financial results for the three-month period ended December 31, 2015 (“Fourth Quarter” or “4Q2015”) and its audited annual results for 2015.
A conference call to discuss 4Q2015 results will be held on March 11, 2016 at 10 a.m. Eastern Standard Time.
All figures are expressed in US Dollars and growth comparisons refer to the same period of the prior year, except when specified.
FOURTH QUARTER AND FULL YEAR 2015 HIGHLIGHTS
|1 Transaction executed with Petroperu on October 1, 2014 with final closing subject to Peru Government approval|
|2 Refers to PRMS reserves certified by D&M and including our pending transaction in Peru, unless otherwise specified|
James F. Park, Chief Executive Officer of GeoPark, said: “During a turbulent year when oil prices continued to plummet, our strong and growing operational results during the fourth quarter, and throughout the year, demonstrated the underlying quality of GeoPark’s assets, our agility and financial discipline, and the focus and experience of our team. This is the backbone that has allowed GeoPark to grow from scratch, meet and overcome challenges, and achieve a reliable ten-year performance track record. It is the mix that is successfully carrying us through the current industry downturn and positioning us for accelerated growth during any oil price strengthening. We have used the downturn to beat-down costs, wring out inefficiencies, improve the organization, introduce innovations, increase flexibility, re-prioritize the portfolio, and permanently adapt to thrive in a world of lower oil prices. Our risk-balanced, multi-country asset platform, and the reputation of our team in the region, also give us first-mover advantage in the hunt for and acquisition of new attractively-valued projects. We are excited and motivated by the enduring business we have built, the big opportunities in our industry today, and the important year ahead.”
OIL AND GAS RESERVES UPDATE
Oil and Gas Reserves: GeoPark consolidated 2P reserves (in Colombia, Chile and Brazil) increased by 3% in 2015 to 95.1 mmboe compared to 2014 and, including Peru, to 125.3 mmboe. The increase in reserves mainly results from new discoveries in the Llanos 34 Block (GeoPark operated with 45% WI) in Colombia, partially offset by 2015 production and reductions of reserves in Chile as a result of low oil prices and technical revisions. Total consolidated certified 2P and 3P reserves NPV10 in Colombia, Chile, Brazil and Peru, amounted to $1.65 billion and $2.9 billion, respectively.
2P RLI in Colombia, Chile and Brazil equaled 12.9 years and, including Peru, equaled 16.9 years. For each boe produced in 2015, 1.4 boe of 2P reserves were added with a 2P RRI of 141%.
P1 RLI in Colombia, Chile and Brazil equaled 7.1 years and, including Peru, 9.6 years. For each boe produced in 2015, 2.1 boe of P1 reserves were added with a P1 RRI of 211%.
PDP reserves in Colombia, Chile and Brazil increased 25% (3.5 mmboe) to 17.3 mmboe. For each boe produced in 2015, 1.5 boe of PDP reserves were added with a PDP RRI of 150%.
CONSOLIDATED OPERATING PERFORMANCE
The table below sets forth key performance indicators for 4Q2015 compared to those of 4Q2014:
|Key Indicators||4Q2015||4Q2014||% Chg.|
|Oil productiona (bopd)||17,123||14,364||19%|
|Gas production (mcfpd)||35,636||33,718||6%|
|Average net production (boepd)||23,062||19,984||15%|
|Brent Oil Price ($ per bbl)||45.0||77.0||-42%|
|Combined price ($ per boe)||23.5||44.3||-47%|
|⁻ Oil ($ per bbl)||23.6||55.2||-57%|
|⁻ Gas ($ per mcf)||4.3||5.4||-20%|
|Net Oil Revenues ($ million)||33.1||68.3||-52%|
|Net Gas Revenues ($ million)||12.3||12.5||-2%|
|Net Revenues ($ million)||45.4||80.8||-44%|
|Production & Operating Costsb ($ million)||-22.2||-33.0||-33%|
|G&G, G&Ac and Selling Costs ($ million)||-15.8||-17.7||-11%|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||10.6||27.4||-61%|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe ($)||5.5||15.0||-63%|
|Operating Netback per boe ($)||11.2||24.3||-54%|
|Profit (loss) for the period ($ million)||-201.5||-33.7||–|
|Capital Expenditures during quarter ($ million)||6.6||68.8||-90%|
|Cash Position at year-end ($ million)||82.7||127.7||-35%|
|Short-Term Debt at year-end ($ million)||35.4||27.2||30%|
|Long-Term Debt at year-end ($ million)||343.2||342.4||0%|
|a)||Includes royalties paid in kind in Colombia for 776 bopd approximately in 4Q2015. No royalties were paid in kind in Chile and Brazil operations.|
|b)||Production and Operating costs include operating costs and royalties paid in cash.|
|c)||G&A includes $3.2 million of (non-cash) share based payments that are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA calculation.|
Production: Consolidated production increased by 15% reaching a record production of 23,062 boepd in 4Q2015, compared to 19,984 boepd in 4Q2014.
Reference and Realized Oil Prices: Consolidated realized oil sales price averaged $23.6 per barrel in 4Q2015, representing a $21.4 discount from the average Brent crude prices of $45 per barrel. Commercial efforts are underway to improve realized oil prices and reduce discounts, including negotiations in Chile and the new Trafigura offtake agreement in Colombia.
The table below sets forth break-down of reference and net realized oil prices in Colombia and Chile in 4Q2015:
|Realized Oil Prices 4Q2015
($ per bbl)
|Brent Oil Price||45.0||45.0|
|Realized Oil Price||22.2||33.5|
|Weight on Sales Mix||89||%||11||%|
Net Revenues: Consolidated net revenues decreased by 44% to $45.4 million in 4Q2015, compared to $80.8 million in 4Q2014, mainly driven by lower oil and gas prices.
Consolidated Oil Revenues: Consolidated oil revenues decreased by 52% to $33.1 million in 4Q2015 mainly explained by a 57% decrease in realized oil prices. Oil revenues represent 73% of total net revenues as compared to 85% in 4Q2014.
Colombian earn-out payments (deducted from Colombian oil revenues) decreased by 82% to $1.3 million in 4Q2015, compared to $7.2 million in 4Q2014, mainly due to the decline in oil prices
Consolidated Gas Revenues: Consolidated gas revenues remained stable and amounted to $12.3 million in 4Q2015 compared to $12.5 million in 4Q2014.
Production and operating costs: Consolidated production and operating costs decreased by 33% to $22.2 million in 4Q2015, representing savings of $7.1 per barrel.
Consolidated operating costs: Consolidated operating costs (excluding royalties) decreased by 31% to $19.5 million in 4Q2015, compared to $28.4 million in 4Q2014, due to cost reduction initiatives and the impact of the depreciation of the local currencies against the US Dollar, even in consideration of the 15% increase in oil and gas production during the quarter. These factors resulted in reduced well maintenance, consumables, transportation, equipment rental, field camp, staff and other operating costs.
Consolidated Royalties: Consolidated royalties paid in cash (reported in production and operating costs) amounted to $2.7 million in 4Q2015, compared to $4.6 million in 4Q2014, representing 5.9% of total net revenues in 4Q2015 and 5.7% in 4Q2014. The increase in royalties, as a percentage of sales, is mainly due to the Tua and Tigana fields in the Llanos 34 Block (GeoPark operated with 45% WI) in Colombia becoming subject to higher royalties in 2015 after surpassing the production threshold of 5 million barrels of oil.
Selling Expenses: Consolidated selling expenses decreased by 50% to $1.4 million in 4Q2015 compared to $2.8 million in 4Q2014, mainly as the result of lower selling expenses in Colombia and certain reclassifications in the Brazilian Operations.
Administrative Expenses (G&A): Consolidated administrative expenses decreased by 7% to $10.2 million in 4Q2015 compared to $11.0 million in 4Q2014 mainly due to continuing financial discipline and cost reduction initiatives impacting consultant fees, office expenses, directors fees, share based payments and other G&A costs. The G&A cost reduction was achieved despite new start-up costs related to the Company’s operations in Peru and lower overhead collected from joint venture partners due to lower capital expenditure.
Adjusted EBITDA: Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA3 decreased by 61% to $10.6 million in 4Q2015 compared to $27.4 million in 4Q2014, mainly caused by the 44% decrease in revenues resulting from lower international oil prices, which was partially offset by a 35% reduction in cash costs (including production and operating costs, G&A and selling expenses).
Adjusted EBITDA per boe decreased by 63% to $5.5 per boe, in 4Q2015, compared to $15.0 per boe in 4Q2014.
Depreciation: Consolidated depreciation charges increased by 13% to $31.2 million in 4Q2015, compared to $27.7 million in 4Q2014, mainly due to higher production during the quarter and higher depreciation costs per boe in Chile and stable depreciation costs per boe in Colombia and Brazil.
Write-off of Unsuccessful Efforts: Consolidated write-off of unsuccessful effort charges amounted to $26.4 million in 4Q2015, compared to $21.8 million in 4Q2014. Charges expensed in 4Q2015 include the write-off of capitalized seismic studies and two exploratory wells (drilled in previous years) in Tierra del Fuego Blocks in Chile.
Impairment of Non-Financial Assets: Consolidated non-cash impairment of non-financial assets amounted to $149.6 million in 4Q2015 ($104.5 million recorded in Chile and $45.1 million in Colombia) compared to $9.4 million in 4Q2014 (100% in Colombia), resulting from the continuing low oil price environment. A non-cash impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which an asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.
|3 See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Profit (Loss) Before Income Tax and Adjusted EBITDA per Boe” included in this press release.|
CONSOLIDATED NON-OPERATING RESULTS AND PROFIT FOR THE PERIOD
Financial Costs: Net financial costs increased by 26% to $9.6 million in 4Q2015, compared to $7.6 million in 4Q2014 mainly from the impact of lower capitalized interest costs and the increase of other financial costs.
Foreign Exchange Gain/Loss: Net foreign exchange charges amounted to a $10.9 million gain in 4Q2015 compared to $11.5 million loss in 4Q2014, mainly related to the impact of the appreciation and depreciation, respectively, of the Brazilian Real over US Dollar-denominated net debt incurred at the local subsidiary level, where the functional currency is the Brazilian Real.
Income Tax Benefit/Loss: Income tax amounted to a $2.0 million loss in 4Q2015 as compared to a $17.8 million gain in 4Q2014. Income taxes in 4Q2015 were negatively affected by non-recoverable tax loss carry-forwards amounting to $15.5 million with an impact on Chilean operations.
Profit/Loss: Losses for the period amounted to $201.5 million in 4Q2015 compared to $33.7 million in 4Q2014, mainly due to lower revenues resulting from lower realized prices and higher non-cash impairment of non-financial assets, partially offset by lower Production and Operating costs, G&A and Selling expenses.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents totaled $82.7 million as of December 31, 2015. Year-end 2014 cash and cash equivalents amounted to $127.7 million, the difference primarily being (i) cash used in investing activities during 2015 amounting to $48.8 million and (ii) $18.0 million of net funds used in financing activities, and (iii) previous two components partially offset by cash generation from operating activities that amounted to $25.9 million.
Total Assets: Total assets amounted to $703.8 million as of December 31, 2015 compared to $1,039 million as of December 31, 2014. The decrease is mainly due to lower PP&E assets derived from non-cash impairment charges and write-offs of non-financial assets and depreciation charges during 2015 as well as lower cash and cash equivalents as explained in the paragraphs above.
Financial Debt: Total financial debt (net of debt issuance costs) amounted to $378.7 million, including mainly the $300 million 2020 Bond and the credit facility denominated in Reais in Brazil for the acquisition of an interest in the Brazilian Manati Field amounting to $70.4 million.
Equity: Equity reached $200.2 million and included non-controlling interests of $53.5 million related to LG International’s participation in the Chilean and Colombian operations. (LG International Corp., the Korean conglomerate, holds a 20% equity interest in GeoPark’s Colombian operations, a 20% equity interest in the Fell Block and a 31% equity interest in the Tierra del Fuego blocks in Chile). Equity as of December 31, 2015 decreased by $278.9 million since December 31, 2014 mainly because of the $284.6 million loss in the year ended December 31, 2015, partially offset by share-based payment charges amounting to $8.2 million.
FINANCIAL RATIOS (*)
|Amounts in $ million|
|Year / Period||Financial Debt||Cash Position||
Gross Debt /
(*) Based on trailing 12 months financial results.
(**) Considers Adjusted EBITDA generated by the acquired interest in the Brazilian Manati Field only since 2Q2014.
GeoPark’s consolidated financial incurrence test covenants included in the 2020 Bond Indenture are:
As stated in the table above, as of December 31, 2015 the Company’s Leverage Ratio was above the 2.5 times threshold included in the 2020 Bond Indenture and in addition, the Interest Coverage Ratio was below the 3.5 times threshold included in the 2020 Bond Indenture. These ratios were impacted by the current low oil price environment. Failure to comply with the incurrence test ratios does not trigger by itself an event of default. However, this situation may limit the Company’s capacity to incur additional indebtedness, other than permitted debt, as specified in the indenture governing the Notes. Incurrence covenants as opposed to maintenance covenants must be tested by the Company before incurring additional debt or performing other specific corporate actions including but not limited to dividend payments, restricted payments, and others.
OTHER NEWS / RECENT EVENTS
OFFTAKE AND $100 MILLION PREPAYMENT AGREEMENT WITH TRAFIGURA
In December 2015, GeoPark entered into an offtake and prepayment agreement with Trafigura. The offtake agreement provides for GeoPark to sell and deliver to Trafigura a portion of GeoPark’s Colombian crude oil production and will benefit GeoPark by (i) improving crude oil sales prices; (ii) improving operating netbacks by reducing transportation costs; (iii) simplifying logistics and reducing risks; and (iv) improving working capital. Pricing will be determined at future spot market prices, net of transportation costs.
As part of the transaction, GeoPark and Trafigura have also entered into an agreement that provides GeoPark access to funding up to $100 million, subject to applicable volumes corresponding to the terms of the agreement, in the form of prepaid future oil sales. The prepayment agreement will provide GeoPark with immediately accessible liquidity that will further strengthen GeoPark’s balance sheet and expand existing cash and cash equivalents up to $182.7 million. GeoPark’s 4Q2015 cash position was $82.7 million.
As of the date of this press release, GeoPark has not drawn any amounts for prepaid sales under the current agreement.
CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION
GeoPark will host its Fourth Quarter 2015 Financial Results conference call and webcast on Friday, March 11, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time.
Chief Executive Officer, James F. Park, Chief Financial Officer, Andrés Ocampo, and Chief Operating Officer, Augusto Zubillaga, will discuss GeoPark’s financial results for 4Q2015, with a question and answer session immediately following.
Interested parties can access the conference call by dialing the following number from outside the United States: +1 920-663-6208. From within the United States, interested parties can access the call by dialing 866-547-1509 (Passcode: 60943298). To listen to the webcast, please visit the Investor Support section of the Company’s website (www.geo-park.com).
ANALYSIS INFORMATION BY BUSINESS SEGMENT
|Oil production (bopd)||15,414||11,550||33%|
|Gas production (mcfpd)||572||390||37%|
|Average net production (boepd)||15,510||11,615||34%|
|Oil price ($ per bbl)||22.2||52.0||-57%|
|Net oil Revenues ($ million)||27.7||51.1||-46%|
|Production and Operating Costs* ($ million)||-13.4||-22.1||-39%|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||9.2||20.7||-56%|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe ($)||7.0||18.5||-62%|
|Operating Netback per boe ($)||8.9||21.6||-59%|
|Oil production (bopd)||1,659||2,709||-39%|
|Gas production (mcfpd)||14,085||12,492||13%|
|Average net production (boepd)||4,006||4,791||-16%|
|Combined price ($ per boe)||30.3||52.9||-43%|
|⁻ Oil ($ per bbl)||33.5||72.0||-53%|
|⁻ Gas ($ per mcf)||4.6||4.0||15%|
|Net Oil Revenues ($ million)||5.1||16.8||-69%|
|Net Gas Revenues ($ million)||5.0||4.8||4%|
|Net Revenues ($ million)||10.2||21.6||-53%|
|Production and Operating Costs* ($ million)||-6.3||-9.4||-33%|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||0.9||3.0||-70%|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe ($)||2.6||7.4||-65%|
|Operating Netback per boe ($)||11.2||28.8||-61%|
|Oil production (bopd)||50||52||-4%|
|Gas production (mcfpd)||20,979||20,754||1%|
|Average net production (boepd)||3,546||3,511||1%|
|Gas Price ($ per mcf)||4.1||5.8||-29%|
|Net Revenues ($ million)||7.5||8.0||-6%|
|Production and Operating Costs* ($ million)||-2.5||-2.4||4%|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||4.1||7.3||-44%|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe ($)||13.6||23.5||-42%|
|Operating Netback per boe ($)||16.8||27.4||-39%|
* Production and Operating costs include operating costs and royalties paid in cash.
FULL YEAR 2015
The table below sets forth some key performance indicators for 2015 compared with 2014. Figures corresponding to 2014 include information relating to the acquired interest in the Brazilian Manati Field completed on March 31, 2014. As from that date, GeoPark started consolidating line by line its results of operations for accounting purposes within its Brazilian operations.
|Key Indicators||FY2015||FY2014||% Chg.|
|Oil production (bopd)||15,119||14,541||4%|
|Gas production (mcfpd)||31,488||30,677||3%|
|Average net production (boepd)||20,367||19,653||4%|
|Combined price ($ per boe)||30.0||64.4||-53%|
|⁻ Oil ($ per bbl)||32.1||77.5||-59%|
|⁻ Gas ($ per mcf)||4.6||6.4||-28%|
|Net Oil Revenues ($ million)||162.6||367.1||-56%|
|Net Gas Revenues ($ million)||47.1||61.6||-24%|
|Net Revenues ($ million)||209.7||428.7||-51%|
|Production & Operating Costs* ($ million)||-86.7||-131.4||-34%|
|G&G, G&A, & Selling ($ million)||-56.5||-83.3||-32%|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||73.8||220.1||-66%|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe ($)||10.5||33.0||-68%|
|Operating Netback per boe ($)||16.9||41.2||-59%|
|Profit (loss) for the period ($ million)||-284.6||15.9||–|
* Production and Operating Costs include operating costs and royalties paid in cash.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
|(Quarterly information unaudited)|
|(In millions of $)||4Q2015||4Q2014||FY2015||FY2014|
|Sale of crude oil||33.1||68.3||162.6||367.1|
|Sale of gas||12.3||12.5||47.1||61.6|
|TOTAL NET REVENUES||45.4||80.8||209.7||428.7|
|Production and operating costs||-22.2||-33.0||-86.7||-131.4|
|Geological and Geophysical expenses||-4.2||-4.0||-13.8||-13.0|
|Write-off of unsuccessful efforts||-26.4||-21.8||-30.1||-30.4|
|Impairment loss for non-financial assets||-149.6||-9.4||-149.6||-9.4|
|OPERATING PROFIT (LOSS)||-200.9||-32.4||-232.5||71.8|
|Financial costs, net||-9.6||-7.6||-35.7||-27.6|
|Foreign Exchange Gain (Loss)||10.9||-11.5||-33.5||-23.1|
|PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX||-199.5||-51.5||-301.6||21.1|
PROFIT (LOSS) FOR THE PERIOD
|ATTRIBUTABLE TO OWNERS OF GEOPARK||-157.6||-29.1||-234.0||7.8|
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA TO PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX
AND ADJUSTED EBITDA PER BOE
|(Quarterly information unaudited)|
|Share Based Payments||-3.7||-0.4||-8.2||-8.4|
|Impairment and write-off||-176.0||-31.2||-179.7||-39.8|
|OPERATING PROFIT (LOSS)||-200.9||-32.6||-232.5||71.8|
|Financial costs, net||-9.6||-7.5||-35.7||-27.6|
|Foreign Exchange Losses, net||-10.9||-11.5||-33.5||-23.1|
|PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX||-199.5||-51.7||-301.6||21.1|
|Total deliveries (in millions of boe)||1.9||1.8||7.0||6.7|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe||5.5||15.0||10.5||33.0|
CONSOLIDATED SUMMARIZED BALANCE SHEET
|Non Current Assets|
|Property, Plant and Equipment||522.6||790.8|
|Other Non Current Assets||49.4||47.8|
|Total Non Current Assets||572.0||838.5|
|Other Current Assets||31.3||27.5|
|Cash at bank and in hand||82.7||127.7|
|Total Current Assets||131.8||200.6|
|Equity attributable to owners of GeoPark||146.7||375.6|
|Non Current Liabilities|
|Other Non Current Liabilities||79.0||93.6|
|Total Non Current Liabilities||422.2||436.0|
|Other Current Liabilities||46.0||96.8|
|Total Current Liabilities||81.4||124.0|
|Total Liabilities and Equity||703.8||1,039.1|
SELECTED HISTORICAL OPERATIONAL AND FINANCIAL DATA
|Year ended December 31,|
|Oil Reserves (2P PRMS) – mmboe||62.6||56.3||33.9||27.8||16.9|
|Gas Reserves (2P PRMS) – mmboe||32.5||35.8||27.7||29.1||32.6|
|Combined Reserves (2P PRMS) – mmboe||95.1||92.1||61.6||56.9||49.5|
|Total including Peru||125.3||122.3||–||–||–|
|Oil Production (thousand boepd)||15.1||14.5||11.1||7.5||2.5|
|Gas Production (thousand boepd)||5.3||5.1||2.4||3.8||5.1|
|Production (thousand boepd)||20.4||19.6||13.5||11.3||7.6|
|Oil Revenues ($ million )||163||367||315||222||74|
|Gas Revenues ($ million)||47||62||23||29||38|
|Total Revenues ($ million)||210||429||338||250||112|
|Adjusted EBITDA ($ million)||74||220||167||121||63|
* Transaction executed with Petroperu on October 1, 2014 with final closing subject to Peru Government approval.
|Adjusted EBITDA||Adjusted EBITDA is defined as profit for the period before net finance cost, income tax, depreciation, amortization, certain non-cash items such as impairments and write-offs of unsuccessful efforts, accrual of share-based payment and other non-recurring events|
|Adjusted EBITDA per boe||Adjusted EBITDA divided by total boe deliveries|
|Operating Netback per boe||Net revenues, less production costs (net of depreciation charges and accrual of stock options and stock awards) and selling expenses, divided by total boe deliveries. Operating Netback is equivalent to Adjusted EBITDA net of cash expenses included in Administrative, Geological and Geophysical and Other operating costs|
|ANP||Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Brazil’s National Agency of Petroleum|
|ANH||Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos de Colombia|
|boe||Barrels of oil equivalent|
|boepd||Barrels of oil equivalent per day|
|bopd||Barrels of oil per day|
|CEOP||Contrato Especial de Operacion Petrolera (Special Petroleum Operations Contract)|
|D&M||DeGolyer and MacNaughton|
|EPS||Earnings per share|
|IPO||Initial Public Offering|
|mbbl||Thousand barrels of oil|
|mmbo||Million barrels of oil|
|mmboe||Million barrels of oil equivalent|
|mcfpd||Thousand cubic feet per day|
|mmcfpd||Million cubic feet per day|
|Mm3/day||Thousand cubic meters per day|
|PRMS||Petroleum Resources Management System|
|SPE||Society of Petroleum Engineers|
|NPV10||Present value of estimated future oil and gas revenues, net of estimated direct expenses, discounted at an annual rate of 10%|
Additional information about GeoPark can be found in the “Investor Support” section on the website at www.geo-park.com.
Rounding amounts and percentages: Certain amounts and percentages included in this press release have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this press release have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures, but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, certain percentage amounts in this press release may vary from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in the financial statements. In addition, certain other amounts that appear in this press release may not sum due to rounding.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS RELEVANT TO FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This press release contains statements that constitute forward-looking statements. Many of the forward looking statements contained in this press release can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as ‘‘anticipate,’’ ‘‘believe,’’ ‘‘could,’’ ‘‘expect,’’ ‘‘should,’’ ‘‘plan,’’ ‘‘intend,’’ ‘‘will,’’ ‘‘estimate’’ and ‘‘potential,’’ among others.
Forward-looking statements that appear in a number of places in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations, regarding various matters, including expected 2016 production growth and capital expenditures plan. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s beliefs and assumptions, and on information currently available to the management. Such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements due to various factors.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Company does not undertake any obligation to update them in light of new information or future developments or to release publicly any revisions to these statements in order to reflect later events or circumstances, or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. For a discussion of the risks facing the Company which could affect whether these forward-looking statements are realized, see filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Oil and gas production figures included in this release are stated before the effect of royalties paid in kind, consumption and losses.
Information about oil and gas reserves: The SEC permits oil and gas companies, in their filings with the SEC, to disclose only proven, probable and possible reserves that meet the SEC’s definitions for such terms. GeoPark uses certain terms in this press release, such as “PRMS Reserves” that the SEC’s guidelines do not permit GeoPark from including in filings with the SEC. As a result, the information in the Company’s SEC filings with respect to reserves will differ significantly from the information in this press release. NPV10 for PRMS 1P, 2P and 3P reserves is not a substitute for the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows for SEC proved reserves.
The reserve estimates provided in this release are estimates only, and there is no guarantee that the estimated reserves will be recovered. Actual reserves may eventually prove to be greater than, or less than, the estimates provided herein. Statements relating to reserves are by their nature forward-looking statements.
Adjusted EBITDA: The Company defines Adjusted EBITDA as profit for the period before net finance cost, income tax, depreciation, amortization and certain non-cash items such as impairments and write-offs of unsuccessful exploration and evaluation assets, accrual of stock options stock awards, bargain purchase gain on acquisition of subsidiaries and other non-recurring events. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of profit or cash flows as determined by IFRS. The Company believes Adjusted EBITDA is useful because it allows us to more effectively evaluate our operating performance and compare the results of our operations from period to period without regard to our financing methods or capital structure. The Company excludes the items listed above from profit for the period in arriving at Adjusted EBITDA because these amounts can vary substantially from company to company within our industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, profit for the period or cash flows from operating activities as determined in accordance with IFRS or as an indicator of our operating performance or liquidity. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure and significant and/or recurring write-offs, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are components of Adjusted EBITDA. The Company’s computation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to the IFRS financial measure of profit for the year or corresponding period, see the accompanying financial tables.
Operating netback per boe should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, profit for the period or cash flows from operating activities as determined in accordance with IFRS or as an indicator of our operating performance or liquidity. Certain items excluded from Operating netback per boe are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure and significant and/or recurring write-offs, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are components of Operating Netback per boe. The Company’s computation of Operating Netback per boe may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. For a reconciliation of Operating Netback per boe to the IFRS financial measure of profit for the year or corresponding period, see the accompanying financial tables.
Prospective Resources are those quantities of petroleum that are estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from undiscovered accumulations by application of future development projects. Prospective Resources have both an associated “chance of discovery” and a “chance of development” (per PRMS). Prospective Resources are further subdivided in accordance with the level of certainty associated with recoverable estimates, assuming their discovery and development, and may be sub-classified based on project maturity. There is no certainty that any portion of the Prospective Resources will be discovered. If discovered, there is no certainty that it will be commercially viable to produce any portion of the resources. Prospective Resource volumes are presented as unrisked.
The accuracy of any resource estimate is a function of the quality of the available data and of engineering and geological interpretation. Results of drilling, testing and production that postdate the preparation of the estimates may justify revisions, some or all of which may be material. Accordingly, resource estimates are often different from the quantities of oil and gas that are ultimately recovered, and the timing and cost of those volumes that are recovered may vary from that assumed.
Prospective resources include 220-597 mmboe related to the Estratos con Favrella unconventional shale oil in Chile (Fell Block) for which the range of the final oil recovery factor assumed by GeoPark’s management for the calculation above considers: High: 2%, and Mean: 1.35%. The audit did not cover the above recovery factors and only included an evaluation of original oil in place.